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Hematology

Hematology

Blood Disorder Treatment in Tuscaloosa

Hematology is the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of blood diseases (hematology) and cancer (oncology). Hematology-oncology includes such diseases as iron deficiency anemia, thalassemias, leukemias and lymphomas. We treat and evaluate blood and lymph node cancers as well as noncancerous blood disorders such as high or low blood counts (white cells, red cells or platelets). We also treat immune dysfunction and clotting disorders. Our hematology services include:

  • Chemotherapy and biologic therapy for hematological disorders
  • Diagnosis and treatment of clotting disorders
  • IV iron infusion for patients who cannot tolerate or respond to oral iron
  • Treatment for most forms of leukemia and lymphoma
  • Assistance with referrals to other hospitals/cancer centers when necessary

What Are Blood Cancers?

Blood cancers require a very different treatment approach than other forms of cancer, which is why many hematologists receive additional training in oncology—their specialized focus on treating blood disorders provides them with an edge when fighting this complex disease. Unlike typical cancer, blood cancer is rarely treated with surgery, even if it is diagnosed early. Hematologists and oncologists must treat blood cancer by stimulating the production of healthy blood cells while simultaneously destroying the cancerous cells.

Types of blood cancers:

  • Leukemia – This cancer begins in the bone marrow where blood is formed. When a cancerous cell begins to reproduce in the bone marrow, the disease can overwhelm the body’s healthy cells and weaken your entire immune system. Treatment may include a stem cell transplant and/or chemotherapy.
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma – Hodgkin lymphoma affects the lymphatic system, which is also the body’s immune system. If left untreated, the cancerous cells will overwhelm the healthy white blood cells and take over the body. Thankfully, the success rate for treatment through chemotherapy and radiation therapy is very high.
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma – Like its counterpart, non-Hodgkin lymphoma affects the immune system but develops in different types of cells (B and T cells). Treatment may involve drug therapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • Myeloma – This cancer begins in the blood marrow and affects plasma cells. Myeloma comes in many forms depending on where in the body it is found. There are various treatment methods, including radiation therapy and stem cell transplants. Treatment will depend on the type of Myeloma and how far the condition has progressed.
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